Global and Regional REN

The number of global and regional REN is continuously increasing over the years. Each global Network provides a network backbone for smaller regional and national networks. Almost all of them operate as non-profit organizations. Some of the major networks are as follows:

TEIN (Trans-Eurasia Information Network): TEIN provides dedicated high-capacity research and education network connectivity for research and education communities across Asia-Pacific. Nepal’s national network is connected to TEIN, which is connected to major international research and education networks. TEIN is going to partner in 100Gbps intercontinental transmission link for research and education. To learn more about TEIN please visit

GÉANT (Europe): A collaboration between 38 European NRENs and NORDUnet (5 Nordic countries), GÉANT delivers services through national NRENs. DANTE is the managing partner, project coordinator and operator of GÉANT network. DANTE carries also manages a number of other global initiatives in Africa, Asia, China, Europe and Mediterranean area, including TEIN in Asia. To learn more about GEANT please visit

APAN: APAN (the Asia Pacific Advanced Network) refers to both the organisation representing its members, and to the backbone network that connects the research and education networks of its member countries/economies to each other and to other research networks around the world.
APAN Ltd is the not-for-profit association that is the legal entity created to undertake the activities on behalf of APAN members. APAN members are the entities representing research and education network interests in the countries/economies of Asia and Oceania. Nepal Research and Education Network is a primary member of APAN. To learn more about APAN please visit

CAREN (Central Asia): The Central Asian Research and Education Network (CAREN) project set out to establish a high-performance broadband internet for research and education (R&E), facilitating communication, information exchange and collaboration between universities, teaching hospitals and research centres within Central Asia and providing access to the European and global research community through interconnecting to GÉANT. The CAREN network delivers real value and benefit to society by driving innovative research and education. To learn more about CAREN please visit

Ubuntunet Alliance (Eastern and Southern Africa): UbuntuNet Alliance is a regional association of National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) in Africa. It was established in the latter half of 2005 by five established and emerging NRENs in Eastern and Southern Africa, these are: MAREN (Malawi), MoRENet, (Mozambique), KENET (Kenya), RwEdNet (Rwanda) and TENET (South Africa). To learn more about Ubuntunet Alliance please visit

RedCLARA (Latin America): RedCLARA develops and operates the only Latin-American advanced Internet network. Linking with GÉANT2 (pan European advanced network) in 2004 via the ALICE Project, RedCLARA provides regional interconnection and connection to the world through its international links to GÉANT2 and Internet2 (USA) and, through them, to the advanced networks of the Caribbean (C@ribnet), Africa (UbuntuNet Alliance), Asia (APAN, TEIN), among others. The ALICE2 Project, between December 2008 and March 2012, RedCLARA significantly improved the capacity of its network and expand its benefits for its members and regional research communities. For more information please visit

TransPAC (Asia + USA): The TransPAC collaboration is composed of a cooperative partnership with the Asia Pacific Advanced Network (APAN) and DANTE, and in further cooperation with Internet2 as well as numerous other research and education networks that will be connected through the project to continue and enhance the existing, highly successful previous two TransPAC projects. The TransPAC collaboration proposes a powerful, straightforward plan to provide multi-gigabit bandwidth and services connecting researchers in the US with their counterparts in Asia. The R&E networks included in the TransPAC cover all of the Asia except North Korea. To learn more about TransPAC please visit

ASREN (Arab States): ASREN, the Arab States Research and Education Network, is a nonprofit international organization, registered in Dusseldorf, Germany, on 3rd of June, 2011, under the umbrella of the League of Arab States. ASREN is the association of the Arab Region National Research and Education Networks (NRENs), as well as their strategic partners that aims to implement, manage and extend sustainable Pan-Arab e-Infrastructures dedicated for the research and education communities and to boost scientific research and cooperation in member countries through the provision of world-class e-Infrastructures and e-services.
For more information, please visit

Internet2 (USA): A community of research, academia, industry and government geared to accelerate research, improve public service, and advance national and global education. The global commercial Internet we know today was shaped by the vision and work of Internet 2. “Removing barrier to discovery”, so they say to be their motto and claim to improve quality of human life by influencing science. It is a non-profit organization governed by a Board of Trustees representing its membership. Along with ESnet (USA), a US Department of Energy initiative to provide science data network, they offer network solutions for moving many 1000 Giga bits per second data education and research in the USA. They use multiple streams of 10 Gbps or 100Gbps and parallel computing to achieve such high speeds of data transfer, otherwise not available in commercial systems. For more information please visit

NORDUnet (Nordic countries): A collaborative network and e-infrastructure platform of five NRENs, namely those of Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, NORDUNet provides 10Gps backbone. Participating countries share cost in proportion with their GDP. It provides global network connectivity and is key contributor to DANTE, GLIF and GLORIAD. For more information please visit

ORIENTplus: ORIENTplus connects the scientific and research communities of Europe and China. It links the Chinese National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) CERNET (China Education and Research Network) and CSTNET (China Science and Technology Network) with the 50 million users of the pan-European GÉANT network via high-capacity internet connectivity between Beijing and London. For more information please visit